PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minimal invasive procedures, including targeted biopsy (TB) and focal therapy (FT), are increasingly used in diagnosis and treatment of localized prostate cancer. Here, we review the current role of these procedures, from a perspective of an interventional radiologist.
RECENT FINDINGS: TB is an established part of current guidelines for diagnosis of PCa. Several modalities of FT are gaining prevalence in recent years, as a tissue-preserving alternative for definitive treatment of localized PCa. FT is currently at early research stages, offered to selected patients in clinical trials settings. TB and FT are minimally invasive procedures used by multidisciplinary teams for diagnosis and treatment of localized PCa.